Primula minima

Fairy primrose

Pictures of Primula minima (Fairy primrose)

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Common names

Fairy primrose.

Scientific name

Primula minima L.

Conservation status and threats

NOT protected species in Bulgaria.

Description and identification

Perennial herbaceous plant. Rhizome short, spindle-shaped or irregular, roots thin, filamentous. Stem from 3 to 30 mm high or missing. Leaves 5-20 mm long, 4-8 mm wide, sessile, gathered in dense rosettes, leaf tip coarsely irregularly toothed to sparsely deeply incised, on surface and edge glabrous, rarely with single glandular hairs. The calyx 4-11 mm long, bell-shaped. Corolla 7-22 mm wide, pink-purple, disc-shaped; corolla tube 6-11 mm long, 2-3 mm wide. The fruit is included in the calyx, 2.5-4 mm long, 2-3 mm wide, opening with 5 conical, short-pointed teeth at the top. Seeds 0.8-1 mm long, irregularly polygonal, with membranous edge, brown. Flowering June-July[1].

Distribution in Bulgaria

Between 2000 and 2900 meters above sea level in the mountains Central and Western Stara Planina, Vitosha, Pirin, Rila, Middle and Western Rhodopes[2].


[1] Пеев, Д. 1982. В: Флора на Народна Република България. Том VIII, София.

[2] Пеев, Д. 1982. Пос. източник.

Primula minima на български

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