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Primula deorum

Rila Primrose

Pictures of Rila Primrose (Primula deorum)

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Common name

Rila Primrose


Scientific name

Primula deorum Velen.


Conservation status and threats

PROTECTED by the law in Bulgaria.

The species is listed in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria to the category "Vulnerable" (IUCN)[1].


Description and identification

Perennial herbs with long horizontal or oblique root. Stem 2–39 cm high, erect, glabrous, sticky beneath the inflorescence, green or violet. Leaves lanceolate to wide lanceolate, erect, coriaceous, in a basal rosette, with very short, glandular hairs above, greyish green glabrous beneath. Scape 5-20 cm, fragrant and viscid, more or less dark violet towards the apex, 3- to 18-flowered. Corolla deep reddish to violet purple. Fruit a dehiscent, unilocular capsule. Flowering June–August, fr. VIII–IX. Reproduction by seeds and vegetatively[2].


Distribution in Bulgaria

Rila and Vitosha[3].



References

[1] Dimitar Peev, Sonya Tsoneva. 2015. In: Peev, D. et all. (ed.) 2015. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. BAS & MOEW.

[2] Dimitar Peev, Sonya Tsoneva. 2015. In: Peev, D. et all. (ed.) 2015. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. BAS & MOEW.

[3] Dimitar Peev, Sonya Tsoneva. 2015. In: Peev, D. et all. (ed.) 2015. Red Data Book of Bulgaria. Vol. 1. BAS & MOEW.


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