Rosemary Leaved Willow
Salix rosmarinifolia L.
PROTECTED species in Bulgaria.
The species is listed in the Red Data Book of Bulgaria to the category "Critically Endangered"1.
Shrub, 1–2 m high. Stems creeping, branched. Leaves up to 10 times as long as wide, glabrous above, sericeous beneath. Catkins lateral, short stalked; bracts obovate, sericeous. Male catkins up to 1.5 cm, female up to 3.5 cm long. Stamens 2, free, almost 3 times as long as bracts. Female flowers with 1 nectary. Flowering April-May, fr. V–VI. Propagation by vegetative means and seeds. Reproduction potential is very limited1, 2.
Grows in wet meadows, swamps and bogs. Moisture of the habitat varies throughout the year. The substrate has acid reaction (pH 5.6). The population consists of a few thousand shrubs, 30–40 cm high due to the regular mowing. The total area of the locality is several dozens hectares3.
Sofia region (meadows at the borders of the land belonging to Tsruklevtsi, Ponor and Buchin Prohod villages), Znepole region (Choklyovo Blato); 800 m alt3.
Europe (Scandinavian Peninsula, C and E Europe4.
1 Iva Apostolova, Sonya Tsoneva. 2015. In: Red Data Book of the Republic of Bulgaria. Volume 1 - Plants & Fungi.
2 Iva Apostolova, Sonya Tsoneva, 2015.
3 Iva Apostolova, Sonya Tsoneva, 2015.
4 Iva Apostolova, Sonya Tsoneva, 2015.
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