Eriophorum vaginatum L.
NOT protected species in Bulgaria.
Eriophorum vaginatum is a perennial herbaceous plant. Culms are stiff, 4 to 28 inches (10-70 cm) tall, and sheathed to half their lengths. Spikelets are solitary, terminal, and erect. They are 0.4 to 0.8 inch (1-2 cm) long in flower and 0.7 to 2.0 inches (1.7-5.0 cm) long in fruit. Each flower has ≥10, typically white, perianth bristles (strong, stiff, slender hairs) that are 0.25 to 0.75 inch (6-19 mm) long and cottony, becoming more conspicuous as fruits mature. Fruits are small nutlets1.
In the mountains Sredna Stara Planina, Vitosha, Rila, Pirin, Western and Middle Rhodopes, Osogovo, where it grows between 2000 and 2700 meters altitude2.
Alpine swampy meadows and peatlands3.
1 Innes, Robin J. 2014. Eriophorum vaginatum. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Missoula Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/erivag/all.html [2021, November 9].
2 Assyov, B., A. Petrova, D. Dimitrov & R. Vassilev. 2012. Conspectus of the vascular flora of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgarian biodiversity foundation.
3 Пенев, Ив. 1964. Флора на Народна Република България, том II. София.