Juniperus sabina L.
PROTECTED species in Bulgaria. Endangered1.
Juniperus sabina is a shrub with reddish grey bark, procumbent branches and sharp, specific smell. Leaves of young shoots needle-like, those of the old shoots are scarious, with a prominent midrib below. Fruits (female cones, gelberries) nodding, globose, 5–7 mm in diameter, with (1)2–6 seeds. Flowering IV–V, fruiting in the spring of the second year. Reproduction very slow, mostly by vegetative means, more rarely by seeds2.
Grows on open, steep calcareous, more rarely silicate rocks, cliffs and screes. Populations are mosaic, covering very small areas (3–40 m2) and comprising several to 30 individuals3.
Forebalkan (western), Balkan Range (central), Rila Mts, Rhodopi Mts (eastern – Gyumyurdzhinski Snezhnik locality)4, at 1000–2500 m altitude5.
Map of general distribution6:
1 Milka Stoeva. 2015. In: Red Data Book of the Republic of Bulgaria. Volume 1 - Plants & Fungi.
2 Milka Stoeva, 2015.
3 Milka Stoeva, 2015
4 Milka Stoeva, 2015
5 Assyov, B., A. Petrova, D. Dimitrov, R. Vassilev. 2012. Conspectus of the vascular flora of Bulgaria, Bulgarian biodiversity foundation, Sofia
6 Juniperus sabina L. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science.