Velezia rigida L.
NOT protected species in Bulgaria.
Velezia rigida is an annual herbaceous hardy plant with glandular hairs, 15 (30) cm high, branched from the base. Leaves acuminate or narrowly linear, 10-20 mm long and 0.5-1 mm wide, sharp. Flowers solitary, arranged consecutively or in clusters of two in the axils of the leaves. Calyx narrowly cylindrical, 10-14 mm long, 1.5 mm wide, with 15 veins and 5 elongated pointed teeth at the top. Petals pink at the base on top with a small number of hairs. Capsule is linearly cylindrical, shorter than the calyx, at the top with 4 teeth. Seeds few in number, small, eccentrically thyroid. Flowering June-July1.
On dry grassy and stony places and on rocky terrains most often with limestone and andesite base2.
The Black Sea coast (Varna, Burgas, Sozopol), Northeastern Bulgaria, the valleys of the rivers Struma and Mesta, Pirin, the Middle and Eastern Rhodopes, the Thracian lowlands (Plovdiv, indicated for Haskovo - Vel., 1898, Svilengrad - Podp., 1902), Strandzha, up to 1000 m altitude. The photos published here are from the Besaparski hills, which are located in the Thracian lowland between Pazardzhik and Plovdiv regions3.
Southern Europe, Southwest and Central Asia, Caucasus4.
1 Вълев, Ст. 1966. Във: Флора на Народна Република България, том III, София.
2 Вълев, Ст. 1966.
3 Вълев, Ст. 1966.
4 Вълев, Ст. 1966.
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