Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton
NOT protected species in Bulgaria.
Barbarea vulgaris is a biennial or perennial herb with a glabrous stem, branched at the top and up to 1 m tall. Lower leaves lyrate, with 2–5 pairs of oblong lateral lobes and a large rounded or ovate apical lobe, heart-shaped at the base, dentate to serrate or nearly entire. The upper stem leaves are sessile, with broadly stem-enclosing auricles, obovate, coarsely toothed or wavy-cut. The flowers are combined in racemes at the tips of the branches of the stem, without bracts. Sepals and petals 4 each. Petals yellow, 5–7 mm long. Stamens 6. Ovary superior. Fruit is a silique, 15–30 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, with a pedicel 4–6 mm long, spreading, sometimes arched. Flowering April-July1.
In damp places, by streams, through damp woods and thickets, also as a weed2.
In the whole country; up to 1200 meters altitude3.
Native distribution includes Europe, North Africa, Asia. Introduced in South Africa, North America, Australia, New Zealand4.
1 Китанов, Б. 1987. Разпознаване и събиране на билки. Земиздат. София.
2 Китанов, Б. 1987. Пос. източник.
3 Асенов, Ив. 1970. В: Флора на Н. Р. България, том IV, издателство на БАН, София.
4 Асенов, Ив. 1970. Пос. източник.