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Carpinus orientalis

Oriental hornbeam

Pictures of Carpinus orientalis

Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis Carpinus orientalis

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Common names

Oriental hornbeam


Scientific name

Carpinus orientalis Mill.


Conservation status and threats

NOT protected species in Bulgaria.


Description and identification

The Оriental hornbeam, is a large shrub or small tree, 1-5 metres tall, rarely up to 15 m, with a grey irregularly ribbed stem. The leaves are ovate-elliptic with evident veins, tomentose, with serrate margins and short petioles 5-8 mm long. This tree is monoecious with unisexual flowers blossoming in April. The male flowers are dense in short catkins 2-3 cm long, whereas the female catkins are 3-8 cm long with leaf-like un-lobed and coarsely toothed bracts that reach 12-18 mm size at maturity, and which cover the flowers and later the nuts. Flowering March-April [1].


Distribution in Bulgaria

Throughout the country, between 0 and 1100 m altitude[2].


General distribution

Map of general distribution of Carpinus orientalis[3]:

Carpinus orientalis



Sources

[1] Sikkema, R., Caudullo, G., 2016. Carpinus orientalis in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publ. Off. EU, Luxembourg, pp. e01bf18+.

[2] Delipavlov et al., 2003.

[3] Sikkema, R., Caudullo, G., 2016. Carpinus orientalis in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., de Rigo, D., Caudullo, G., Houston Durrant, T., Mauri, A. (Eds.), European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. Publ. Off. EU, Luxembourg, pp. e01bf18+.


Carpinus orientalis на български

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