Polystichum lonchitis

Holly Fern

Pictures of Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum lonchitis Polystichum lonchitis Polystichum lonchitis

(Click on the pictures to see them in larger size)

Common name

Holly Fern

Scientific name

Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth.

Conservation status and threats

NOT protected species in Bulgaria.

Description and identification

Holly Fern is a perennial fern, It has several erect linear leaves up to 60 centimeters long. Each leaf is made up of many lance-shaped to oblong leaflets up to 3 or 4 centimeters long, the longest ones occurring distal to the midpoint of the leaf, the basal leaflets smaller and triangular in shape. The leaflets have toothed and often spiny edges.[1]


In shady rocky places in all our higher mountains; but also in some lower ones in Western Bulgaria.[2]

Distribution in Bulgaria

Across the country from 900 to 2500 meters alt.[3]


[1] Holly Fern - California Native Plant Society.

[2] Йорданов, Д. (ред.). 1963. Флора на Народна Република България, том I, издателство на БАН. София.

[3] Делипавлов, Д., И. Чешмеджиев, М. Попова, Д. Терзийски, И. Ковачев. 2003. Определител на растенията в България. Аграрен университет. Пловдив.

Polystichum lonchitis на български

The theory of evolution is a lie!

Abortion is murder!

© 2021