Ophrys apifera L.
PROTECTED species in Bulgaria. Rated as "endangered" in: Ana Petrova & Vladimir Vladimirov. 2009. Red List of Bulgarian vascular plants – Phytol. Balcan., 15(1): 63-94.
Perennial plant with 2 ovoid tubers. Stems 15–35 cm, with 2–4 rosette and 2–5 green cauline leaves. Inflorescences with 3–10(15) flowers, lax. Sepals pink, patent, 11–17 × 5–9 mm, petals linear, 3–7 mm long, hairy. Labellum bee shaped, elongate, trilobed, middle lobe convex, velvet-hairy, chestnut-brown, with yellow spot. Column with 2–4 mm long tip, curved like beak. Fl. VI (V), fr. VII (VI). Self-pollinated. Reproduction by seeds [Antoaneta Petrova in: Red Data Book of Bulgaria, 2015].
Dispersed localities in Black Sea coast, NE Bulgaria, Forebalkan (western), Balkan Range (western, eastern), Sofia region, Znepole region, Sredna Gora Mt (Western), Rhodopi Mts (Eastern), Thracian Lowland, Strandzha Mts; up to 1100 m alt [Antoaneta Petrova in: Red Data Book of Bulgaria, 2015].
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